The full spectrum hemp oil is a pure extract of the hemp plant, which contains CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, flavonoids, terpenes and 0.3% THC. It can be packaged in the form of capsules, tablets, ointments, balms, tinctures and more.
However, it is important to understand what types of hemp oil are currently available, as not all hemp products are made the same way.
Full spectrum hemp oil
The full spectrum hemp oil contains all the compounds produced by the plant: cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. The cannabinoids in these oils contain less than 0.3% THC. That’s not enough to make you high, but it’s enough to activate the entourage effect (more information below).
Broad spectrum hemp oil
Broad spectrum hemp oils contain all the terpenes, flavonoids and phytocannabinoids the plant has to offer except THC. Broad spectrum hemp oils are obtained by removing THC from the oil or starting with a CBD isolate and reintroducing all compounds except THC.
The CBD isolate is usually extracted using cold CO2 methods that removes all except the CBD molecules in the plant. The result is a fine white crystalline powder that easily dissolves in the liquid.
Hemp seed oil
Although the three products mentioned above are made from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant, hemp seed oil is made from the seeds and contains useful elements such as essential fatty acids and acids. Amino, high amounts of vitamins A, C and E as well as proteins, fiber and minerals. Although hemp seed oil is made from hemp, it doesn’t contain cannabinoids like the three versions of hemp oil mentioned above.
What is the entourage effect?
The entourage effect is a chemical reaction that occurs when a combination of cannabinoids is present in the body at the same time and increases all of their effects at the same time.
Israeli scientists Shimon Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam coined the term “entourage effect” in a 1999 scientific article when they realized that cannabinoids in the hemp plant act as the body’s own endocannabinoid system.
Studies have shown that the therapeutic properties of individual cannabinoids were not as effective without their siblings.
This suggests a synergistic interaction between phytocannabinoids known as the “entourage effect”, making full spectrum oils a more productive option.
How is full spectrum hemp oil made?
The full spectrum hemp oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant (also known as above-ground parts of plants).
The production of full spectrum hemp oil starts by drying the stems, leaves and flowers of fully ripe hemp plants, then mash the entire plant into a fine powder and extracts the oils with a gentle extraction method.
This process preserves the phytocannabinoids as a whole, ensuring that all of the potentially useful compounds are present in the extracted oil.
Advantages of full spectrum hemp oil
Until the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) carries out new studies on the effects of phytocannabinoids, manufacturers and retailers are limited in their statements about the effectiveness of their products.
While this may seem frustrating, scientific care will help determine the effects of certain compounds and combinations, and will even lead to new discoveries.
Full spectrum hemp oil against CBD isolate
A ‘purified’ oil contains an isolated compound, usually only one of the 90 cannabinoids found in cannabis.
Full spectrum phytocannabinoid oils contain all compounds produced by the plant.
Different types of cannabis produce different spectra of compounds. The compounds of a full spectrum oil vary depending on the genetics of the plants from which it comes.
For example, hemp does not contain significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a psychoactive compound. That is why hemp oils are not intoxicating.
Hemp oil vs. CBD oil: what difference?
As Shakespeare said: A rose with a different name would smell so sweet!
Are hemp oil and CBD oil the same? It depends on who you ask, but often the difference between “hemp oil” and “CBD oil” is in marketing. In general, the terms refer to products with similar ingredients and applications.
Instead of focusing on the product name, demanding consumers should pay attention to the quality of the products they use and the way cannabinoids are extracted from the plant to make the product.
How to identify quality hemp oil
Hemp and CBD oil have been around for a while, but now they are becoming an increasingly popular product in the United States as the cannabis industry becomes a hot market with less stigma.
The growing popularity means that more and more companies and entrepreneurs want to take advantage of the demand, which inevitably leads to problems such as poor quality and even incorrect products.
Try out full spectrum hemp oil for yourself
We’re all different, but given the popularity of hemp and CBD products, aren’t you curious to try out high quality full spectrum hemp oil ? Here’s a couple of examples from manufacturers with a stellar reputation in producing high quality CBD Oil:
If you’ve tried full spectrum CBD oil (or any CBD oil for that matter), drop me a comment below and let me know what you think.