CBD oil (or also called cannabis oil) is becoming more popular each day. But what makes CBD oil so popular? Why is it being used more and more as a substitute for painkillers? Cannabis oil has the effect of CBD, but unlike THC, there are no psychoactive side effects.
What is CBD?
CBD is a molecule belonging to the cannabinoid family. Like THC, it is an active substance derived from the hemp plant (from which cannabis resin is derived). However, it is found in amounts lower than THC (between 0.6 and 1% compared to 12 to 25%), mainly because of production decisions made in recent decades. There is a high demand for THC due to the “hovering” effect.
But nowadays, as the medicinal value of cannabis becomes more and more popular, varieties are specifically designed to contain significant amounts of CBD. This is why it is possible to find cannabis seeds (for medical use) with more than 6% of CBD, which is huge … and quite rare. A concentration of 1% is large enough to meet the needs of patients and CBD has been very effective.
What is the difference between CBD and THC?
Of the 500 different cannabinoids found in cannabis, THC is undoubtedly the best known consumer, even though CBD is starting to dominate. Simply because THC (9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the “psychoactive” component of cannabis. By acting directly on the nervous system, it influences brain function and can change perception, change mood and transform behavior. Normally, THC is used for these purposes: it makes “high”!
Unlike THC, CBD does not hover. In fact, his role is exactly the opposite: he tends to neutralize the psychoactive properties of his older brother and sometimes slows them down (perhaps more). This explains his medical approach. However, it is not totally free of psychoactive effects: CBD creates relief as a sedative.
Together, THC and CBD effects can increase. The combination of the two molecules can have a major impact on anxiety and pain, with better results than in the case of only THC (whose effects are sometimes unpleasant for users).
However, keep in mind that high CBD cannabis can not replace THC if you are essentially looking for the psychoactive effects of the substance. The correct properties are only obtained with high doses of CBD, with no relaxing effect corresponding to 100%. In other words, CBD can not be used as a substitute for powerful consumers of THC-rich cannabis.
What are the medical benefits of CBD?
Research studies show that CBD oil can be useful in the following diseases and symptoms:
- Pain (neuropathic, chronic, cancerous, etc.)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Broken bones
- Bacterial infections
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- drug withdrawal
- heart disease
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
How does CBD oil work?
The effect on our body is really very easy to explain. Humans have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) and many other receptors. This system affects the time and intensity of pain, the effectiveness of the immune system or the depth and relaxation of sleep.
By ingesting CBD oil or other CBD products, cannabidiol activates the EC system. The pain can be relieved, sleep improves and the immune system can work well.
Why does CBD work? The functionality has not yet been fully investigated. It is currently believed that the CB2 receptors in the body interact with the CBD. These are responsible for pain, inflammatory reactions and the immune system. CBD should also prevent the breakdown of anandamides (substances responsible for pain regulation). It also has a positive effect on our blood pressure and helps fight diabetes (type 2). But there is also a lot of information that CBD can help with almost any disease. However, this cannot be formulated, it can certainly cure pain and inflammation. But for the diseases themselves, CBD is not a panacea, although it contains many beneficial properties.
How is CBD made?
The most common method for CBD extraction is CO2 extraction. In fact, there are different “levels” of CO2 extraction, including Subcritical and super critical. CBD oil manufacturers generally use super critical CO2 extraction as it is very efficient.
This method requires a lot of specialized equipment and knowledge. It works with a closed loop system, which means that the process runs in a completely separate cycle. First, the CO2 is cooled to -56 ° C and the pressure is increased to 5 bar. This puts the CO2 in a “super critical” state, which means that the boundaries between the liquid and the gas are not clear and the two behave simultaneously according to the two aggregation states.
In this state, CO2 acts a bit like a solvent. It passed through a plant material chamber. CO2 always has the density of a liquid, but it can fill the entire space like a gas. This is ideal for extraction because it does not cause denaturation or damage.
CO2 removes cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant. Then passed to a separator and divided it into different parts. The extracted compounds are sent to a container while the CO2 flows to a condenser and returns to its original state. Here it can be recycled and used again and again.
Subcritical CO2 extraction is a similar process but requires less pressure and is therefore more profitable. However, this leads to lower performance and takes more time.
CO2 extraction provides a pure, safe and high quality oil. That is why companies prefer this technology. The cost and technical skills required increase the price of the product. Due to the increased security, it is always worth it.
Is CBD the equivalent of a drug?
CBD is considered as a dietary supplement. Cannabidiol is therefore not a medicine and cannot be classified as such. If you buy CBD in any way, you will never find the word “medicine” or “drug treatment.”
Is CBD legal?
The substance that is banned in many countries is THC, which has psychoactive effects. This is not the case with CBD, which can be purchased and consumed in various ways. CBD marketing is legal. A decision based on the fact that the substance without psychoactive effect is neither addictive nor toxic.
However, the approved products only contain a low THC concentration (less than 0.3%), which certainly reduces the “negative” effects of consumption.
As you can see, the subject of CBD and CBD products is very large and at the same time, very new. For this reason, it is still difficult to draw a definitive conclusion.
You will probably have to wait for the development of the next product and always follow the legal debate to make a final vote on the CBD. But the fact is that the market is growing rapidly and the demand for such products will continue to increase in the future.
CBD is particularly promising because of its versatile effects and seems to have few side effects. New studies will inform us progressively about CBD in the future. So what’s CBD Oil? It could be the start of something awesome!